Identify Heart Disease, Here are the Symptoms and How to Treat It

Did you know? Heart disease is still one of the second largest death threats in Indonesia after a stroke. Quoted from the journal The Lancet, according to a study conducted by the Global Burden of Disease and the Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation (IHME) in 2014-2019, heart disease one of the highest causes of death in Indonesia.

Based on BPJS Kesehatan data in 2021, heart disease is the nation's largest expenses, reaching IDR 7.7 trillion. One way to overcome this is to take precautions such as starting a healthy lifestyle and preparing health insurance.

Why Should We Take Care of Heart Health?

When the heart has a problem, then your survival is also threatened. The heart functions to circulate blood that carries oxygen and essential nutrients to organs, cells, and tissues. Other organs will face difficulties due to not getting enough blood and can cause death.


The Most Common Types of Heart Disease and Their Symptoms

Impaired heart function or heart disease has a fairly broad meaning. It does not only refer to one type of disease alone, but consists of various health problems. Let's get to know its characteristics!

1. Coronary Heart

According to the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Indonesia, coronary heart disease (CHD) is a disorder of heart function due to heart muscle lack of blood due to blockage or narrowing of coronary blood vessels due to damage to the lining of the blood vessel wall.

A common symptom is angina or angina pectoris (chest pain) which is felt in the left chest and can radiate to the shoulders, arms, back, throat or jaw.

2. Heart Attack

Quoted from Primaya Hospital, a heart attack is a medical condition that is serious when the blood supply to the heart suddenly stops. Heart failure is medically referred to as myocardial infarction. Lack of blood supply to the heart can result in severe damage to the heart muscle. Without proper care, the muscle may die.

The symptoms are almost the same as coronary heart disease, with the exception that the angina tends to be unstable or distinct from usual angina discomfort that subsides with rest. The stomach will feel full and uncomfortable, and the heartbeat will be faster.

3. Heart Failure

Heart failure refers to an issue with the heart's ability to pump the body's necessary blood supply. Heart failure itself occurs can be caused by many things, including abnormalities in the heart muscles, abnormalities in the heart valves and or anatomical abnormalities of the heart itself, said dr. Ardi Iswara from Harapan Kita Heart and Blood Vessels Hospital Jakarta on the Ministry of Health website.


Heart Disease Treatment

The method of treatment for heart disease will be adjusted to the patient's age, causes, severity, and other concomitant diseases. Starting from the administration of drugs that aim to increase the strength of the heart muscle, reduce the workload of the heart and relieve symptoms.

The further stages of treatment against heart disease are to perform surgical actions by a doctor, such as:

1. Heart Ring Mounting Operation

The procedure is performed in a planned manner in patients with symptoms of angina or as an emergency measure in a person who has a heart attack. In several Indonesian hospitals, treatment costs for 2022 will range from IDR 80 million to IDR 150 million for one ring. The price range may vary from hospital to hospital.

2. Bypass Operation (CABG)

If you need to undergo this action, you will have to spend around Rp63 million to Rp130 million. The amount of costs is determined by hospital facilities, how much arterial vessels are replaced, the cost of medical personnel, as well as the use of technological tools.

Therefore, set a healthy lifestyle and prevent yourself from heart disease. Before it's too late, MAGI can provide comprehensive Health Insurance coverage for you and your family1

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