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Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) is a viral infection that is often caused by the bite of the aedes aegypti mosquito. This disease relates to the rainy season since many places that have the potential to get flooded facilitate the rapid growth and breeding of mosquitoes. Parents let's learn more about dengue fever and how to prevent it before your child contracts it.
According to data from the Ministry of Health in September 2022, dengue cases in the age range of 5-14 years were found as many as 35.61%. The Indonesian Pediatric Association (IDAI) explained that environmental factors greatly influence children's susceptibility to dengue disease.
Dengue fever is a disease that can affect anyone, including children. The symptoms of dengue fever in a child often look like the symptoms of ordinary fever, so they are often not detected in time. Because it is important to know the signs of dengue fever in a child to give proper treatment immediately.
According to the book Friends with Fever by dr. Arifianto, Sp.A, and dr. Nurul I. Hariadi, FAPP (2017), there are at least three symptoms of dengue virus infection that parents should pay attention to. Let's get to know the symptoms:
Dengue fever is divided into several phases, with symptoms varying in each phase. Knowing the phases of dengue fever in a child is very important to being able to provide appropriate care. As quoted from dr. Novidasari, Sp.PD, M.Sc on the Mitra Keluarga page, parents should understand the phase of dengue fever in children.
1. Phase 1: Febrile Phase
Generally, dengue fever will start with a high fever of up to 40 degrees Celsius, which usually lasts for 2–7 days. In this phase also accompanied by pain in the body, including muscles, bones, joints, throat, head, will also appear reddish spots on the skin during this phase. Typically, platelet counts will decline rapidly to less than 100,000 per microliter of blood, which occurs in a short period of time (2–3 days).
2. Phase 2: Critical Phase
The second phase is known as the most critical period to watch out for. In this phase, body temperature can drop below 38 degrees Celsius, so many people feel that they have recovered. In fact, in the critical phase, there can be bleeding and leakage of blood plasma. This phase occurs within 3-7 days of fever and will last for 24-48 hours. Parents are obliged to closely monitor the child's body fluids. The child should neither lack nor has excess fluid.
Signs that DHF has entered a critical phase are as follows:
3. Phase 3: Recovery Phase
After passing the critical period comes the recovery phase that will occur in the period 48-72 hours after the critical phase. During the recovery period of dengue fever in a child, the fluid that comes out of the blood vessels can re-enter the blood vessels. For this reason, parents are obliged to take care of the liquid so that it is not excessive.
After knowing the symptoms and phases of dengue fever in children, parents can immediately provide first aid to minimize any unwanted events. Here are some first-aid steps that parents should know:
Dengue fever is a dangerous disease. However, with proper initial preventive measures, the disease can be avoided. The following are some of the first steps to prevent dengue fever in children that you need to know.
Do not let the child get medical treatment late when showing symptoms of dengue fever. Make sure your baby gets maximum medical care when experiencing dengue fever with Health Insurance from Mandiri AXA General Insurance (MAGI).
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Source: Tempo.co, Republika.co.id, Halodoc.com, yankes.kemenkes.go.id, mitrakeluarga.com, Kompas.com